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Cloud computing explained


Various domains, businesses, and individuals worldwide use cloud computing to bring you information, store data, and handle your information daily. But what is cloud computing? How does it work? And how can you pursue a career in cloud computing? We at Cybernews Academy will explore the intricacies of cloud computing and discuss how you can pursue cloud computing on an academic and professional level.

What is cloud computing?

Cloud computing is an online, on-demand availability of computing resources, particularly data storage and computing power. This resource doesn’t require direct management by a single user, as large clouds are often distributed across many locations. For cloud computing to work, the cloud relies on shared resources to ensure stability and relevance. A cloud service provider manages the cloud and provides all these resources available for a fee. Some cloud providers include Google Cloud, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, and many more.

Who uses cloud computing?

Various organizations and industries across the globe use cloud computing for different reasons. Different domains, including healthcare, finance, insurance, automotive, and even higher education institutions. Various companies, including Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Netflix, and Coca-Cola, rely on cloud computing to deliver excellent services and create entertaining experiences for their clientele.

Cloud computing benefits

Cloud computing has many capabilities, and there are many benefits to using cloud computing in business:

Types of cloud computing

There are three main types of cloud computing that you should be aware of if you are looking to pursue an academic or professional cloud computing journey

  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) refers to the online services providing high-level application programming interfaces or APIs to abstract network infrastructure. IaaS is a cloud-based pay-as-you-go service that offers storage, networking, and virtualization. Many providers, including Amazon Web Services, IBM Cloud, and Microsoft Azure, offer IaaS.
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) allows users to access an application software and database directly. A cloud provider will manage the platform that runs the applications. This service is often described as an on-demand software used pay-as-you-go. Popular SaaS examples include Microsoft Azure, Dropbox, Slack, and Google Cloud.
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS) focuses predominantly on hardware and software devices that are available digitally. This service is usually equipped with all the materials needed to develop applications. Tools include servers, operating systems, databases, software, and more. Some examples of PaaS are AWS Elastic Beanstalk, Windows Azure, Google App Engine, and Adobe Magento Commerce Cloud.

Cloud computing at university

Suppose you are considering pursuing a career in cloud computing. In that case, you must have the fundamentals of a computer science discipline behind you, as this will lay the foundations for your professional success. Typically, cloud computing is a post-graduate degree program. However, some universities provide a bachelor of science degree in cloud computing.

We at Cybernews Academy suggest that you take the following degree programs if you are looking to break into the world of cloud computing:

  • Cloud Computing
  • Computer Science
  • Cyber Security
  • Information Technology

These degree programs will help you navigate network systems and applications at the heart of cloud computing. A degree in computer science or any other related field will provide you with knowledge of programming languages, operating systems, cloud security, and fundamental information on cloud computing. To become a cloud computing engineer, you must have experience with certain programming languages like Java, Python, C++, or Ruby. You will also develop cloud-based systems, critical thinking, and communication skills while studying a computer science and information technology degree.

Cloud computing careers

There are a plethora of different roles you can embody when working in the cloud computing sector. Let's take a look at some of the jobs you could secure if you pursue a degree in cloud computing or any other related field.

Cloud security engineer

A cloud security engineer manages the security protocols that protect data within the cloud. This individual usually needs a good understanding of cloud security. The role of this individual would be to plan, deploy, maintain, and monitor security measures to protect information and data within the cloud.

A cloud security engineer’s salary is approximately $83,000 - $122,000 annually.

Cloud Architect

A cloud architect would work to design and implement a cloud computing strategy. This individual is also responsible for the organization of a cloud system. They must know about cloud security, application architecture, programming languages, and other technical aspects of cloud computing, like big data architecture/design.

A cloud architect's salary is approximately $109,000 - $169,000 annually.

Cloud consultant

Cloud consultants organize, build, operate, manage, and maintain a cloud environment. This individual will help companies become familiar with the cloud computing services available and see which would suit them best. This role demands knowledge of cloud-based applications and strong communication skills.

A cloud consultant’s salary is approximately $80,000 - $122,000

Cloud DevOps Engineer

Although this is a role all of its own, a DevOps engineer frequently works with cloud computing. This individual will manage the software development lifecycle and help bridge the gap between developers and IT specialists. Individuals who want to become Cloud DevOps Engineers must have a robust understanding of cloud computing architecture, design, and implementation.

A cloud DevOps engineer’s salary is approximately $118,00 - $166,000

Cloud computing is a complex and lucrative industry that serves us every day. This facet of technology is largely becoming one of the most popular technologies in commerce. This is due to its accessibility, affordability, flexibility, and diversity. It is an unfixed treasure chest of resources and data that can be accessed anywhere. Pursuing a degree in cloud computing has never been easier with bachelor’s, master’s, and postgraduate degrees and many different job roles associated with cloud computing. A career in cloud computing is obtainable if you achieve a bachelor’s degree in computer science or any related field. So, when will you start your career in cloud computing?