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Best Neurofeedback devices for 2024

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that monitors brain activity in real time, aiming to enhance cognitive functions and overall well-being through self-regulation techniques. These devices provide visual or audio feedback to help people learn how to potentially modulate their brain activity, similar to how meditation apps guide relaxation through breathing exercises.

With the rising popularity of neurofeedback at-home devices, I have researched and thoroughly examined the current market offerings to find the best options in 2024. However, since many at-home biofeedback devices are not FDA-regulated, it’s pivotal to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new therapy. Let's explore the 5 best neurofeedback devices for home use.

Top 5 neurofeedback devices – my shortlist

How I selected these neurofeedback at-home devices

To create the list of the most standout neurofeedback devices you can use at home, I followed a specific set of criteria. Here's a breakdown of the main features I considered:

Technology EEG or fNIRS neurofeedback (main technologies), HRV monitoring, tPBM, audio and visual stimulation (additional technologies)
Mobile app integrationEasy-to-use app
Time efficiencyUp to 30 minutes per session
  • Technology. Neurofeedback devices typically use electroencephalography (EEG) sensors and fNIRS to measure brain activity and provide feedback through visual or audio. Some devices offer additional technologies, such as HRV monitoring and transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM). So, I looked into the technology behind each device, including the sensors and how they give feedback, to understand how advanced they are.
  • Mobile app integration. I checked whether each brain training device is compatible with mobile apps, what the apps offer, and how they improve usability or provide additional functionalities.
  • Cost. I compared the price of each device relative to its features and benefits, looking to find the best value for money. While the effectiveness is important, different devices offer different features, so the cost can vary from $129.99 to $1500.
  • Time efficiency. I looked at the time required for setup and regular neurofeedback device use to make sure that the devices are convenient for busier people and wouldn’t take more than 30 minutes per session.

Best neurofeedback devices in 2024 – overview

Below, I explore the 5 best neurofeedback devices designed for home use in terms of their usability, price range, and warranty options, as well as the technology behind and an overview of what users say about each product online:

1. Mendi – best neurofeedback device in 2024

mendi banner
Technology:fNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy)
Warranty:1-year warranty
Money-back guarantee:30-day return policy

Mendi is a neurofeedback device for home use that I found to be rated as easy to use. Using fNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy) technology, Mendi offers real-time insights by measuring oxygenated blood flow in response to neural activity in your prefrontal cortex.

This brain training device comes as a headband with non-intrusive sensors. As Mendi states, it makes the brain training tangible by visualizing your neural activity in the Mendi neurofeedback game. With the help of an app, you can make the ball rise and earn points. The ball’s movement upward alongside streaks in collecting points indicates an increase in brain activity.

According to its manufacturers, Mendi is crafted with Swedish precision to guarantee superior signal quality. I also found that Mendi connects with both iOS and Android devices, which is convenient for all users. With one charge of its battery, Mendi offers 60 sessions, recommended for 3 sessions per week, each lasting 15-20 minutes. The feature that I liked is that you can measure your progress, compare results over time, and track improvements with the Mendi Score feature in the app.

I explored various user reviews on Mendi online, and it seems to be a popular choice among users, especially those claiming to have ADHD. Users like that it’s in the format of the game and it’s quite affordable compared to the Sens.ai device.

Mendi neurofeedback device costs $299. It also has a 1-year warranty and a 30-day return policy in case you are not satisfied with the device.

2. Sens.ai – comprehensive brain training device with cutting-edge technology

sens.ai banner
Technology:Brainwave sensors and tPBM stimulation
Warranty:1-year hardware warranty
Money-back guarantee:30-day return policy

Sens.ai is an at-home brain training system that combines cutting-edge neurofeedback with advanced light stimulation technology (transcranial photobiomodulation), heart coherence biofeedback, brain function assessment technology, and meditation training options.

As noted in our Sens.ai review, the device comes in the form of a headset, which is equipped with 3 active research-grade EEG sensors, 7 photobiomodulation modules, and a heart rate sensor. Together with the headset, you also get a water pen with a brush to dampen the sensors and give a better signal.

The Sens.ai app, designed to work with the headset, features over 12 program sessions, each lasting 15- 20 minutes. These sessions (or missions) can be enjoyed independently or as part of one of the 16 available Missions, enhanced with soundscapes and meditations.

I also dived into the online forums to check what users say about this neurofeedback device. For example, many Reddit users like that it delivers advanced neurofeedback with solid data but is overpriced. Others say they have trouble establishing a valid signal for training but overall Sens.ai seems to be getting quite positive feedback.

When it comes to cost, Sens.ai is the most expensive neurofeedback device on my list, starting at $1500. With it, you also get a 60-day trial to the membership that includes 8-week missions for sleep, brain fog, and attention mastery.

3. Muse – sleep and meditation-focused neurofeedback machine

muse banner
Technology:EEG (electroencephalography)
Warranty:1-year warranty
Money-back guarantee:100-day return policy

Muse S is also one of the best neurofeedback devices that made to my list. It uses state-of-the-art EEG (electroencephalography) sensors that capture brain activity, which is then translated into audio feedback. It’s focused to be used for meditation and sleep.

This brain training device, similar to Mendi, comes as a headband with breathable fabric. Its rechargeable battery promises 10 hours of use. Besides the EEG sensors, it also has heart rate detection sensors. What I also found interesting is that you can use Muse to track your sleep patterns and potentially improve them. It tracks your light, deep, and REM stages of sleep so you can know how deeply you are resting throughout the night.

When I looked into what people say about Muse online, I discovered some comments that it has helped to establish a practice for those who meditate and understand how to get into a meditative state of mind, while others find the headband a bit irritable.

The Muse S device model currently retails for $399.99. With it, you get an extended 100-day money-back guarantee and a standard 1-year warranty.

4. BrainTap – brainwave training device for relaxation and quality sleep

braintap banner
Technology:Visual and audio stimulation
Warranty:1-year warranty
Money-back guarantee:45-day return policy

BrainTap headset together with the app offers similar brain training activities as standard neurofeedback devices, however, it’s important to note that BrainTap is not a neurofeedback device but rather a brainwave entrainment tool.

BrainTap’s unique technology creates brainwave entrainment, which, as they state, syncs your brainwaves to specific sounds effortlessly. Brainwave entrainment can possibly influence different types of brainwave frequencies. This, with regular use, may help enhance neuroplasticity.

From my research, I found that this device uses light frequencies, relaxing beats and tones, guided visualizations, and holographic music to create a complete 360-degree experience that could possibly stimulate the mind with images and thoughts.

You use BrainTap with an app, which is compatible with both iOS and Android and has over 2000 guided audio programs. The headset itself comes in a convenient foldable design. The device itself uses a battery that can last up to 5 hours of non-stop use.

Users online, as I noticed, express that BrainTap is pricey, is very limited in its use (as it’s not a neurofeedback device), and the headset itself is very bulky. Others say that the app, though, has a wide selection of meditation programs and is user-friendly.

In terms of pricing, BrainTap is quite pricey and starts at $907. There’s a 1-year warranty and a 45-day return policy, too.

5. NeuroSky – the most affordable neurofeedback device for personal use

neurosky banner
Technology:EEG (electroencephalography)
Warranty:90-day warranty for the headset, 1 year for the module
Money-back guarantee:14-day return policy

NeuroSky Mindwave Mobile 2 is another neurofeedback device on my list that stands out because of its affordability and advanced brainwave-sensing EEG headset.

The NeuroSky headset detects and transmits a wide range of EEG waves (electrical activity of the brain), and it can operate for up to 8 hours on a single AAA battery. It’s compatible with multiple platforms, including Windows, iOS, and Android, making brainwave monitoring accessible to everyone. What I found is that there are more than 100 brain training games and educational apps available from the NeuroSky online store.

With NeuroSky, you can learn about your brainwaves, train your meditation, and even develop your applications with the mindwave mobile wireless headset.

Now, I was interested to see what users online are saying. In fact, on Reddit, many users appreciate the device for its affordability and its ability to provide a basic introduction to neurofeedback and EEG monitoring. It's often recommended for beginners or those curious about neurofeedback without wanting to invest heavily in more advanced devices.

NeuroSky Minwave Mobile 2 is the cheapest neurofeedback device on my list – its price is $129.99. It has a considerably short 14-day money-back guarantee, a 90-day warranty for the headset, and a 1-year warranty for the module.

Comparison of top 5 neurofeedback devices in 2024

Check the comparison table of how those top 5 neurofeedback devices compare to each other in terms of price, technology used, and more specifications:

Technology usedfNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy)Brainwave sensors and tPBM stimulationEEG (electroencephalography)Visual and audio stimulationEEG (electroencephalography)
Key featuresAlways-free app, CE certification, sleek design12+ programs, proprietary brainwave sensors, heart rate sensor12+ programs, proprietary brainwave sensors, heart rate sensor7 different sensors, sleep tracking, guided meditations2000 guided audio programs, dura-flexible headband, LED visor included100+ brain training games, dual mode module, quick start guide
App integration
Session duration15-20 minutesUp to 20 minutesUp to 30 minutes (can be used for sleep)15 to 30 minutes5 to 30 minutes
Training and resourcesModerateExtensiveExtensiveModerateBasic
Money-back guarantee30-day30-day100-day45-day14-day
Warranty1-year1-year hardware warranty1-year1-year90 days for the headset, 1 year for the module

What is neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback that involves monitoring and training brain activity. Using different sensors, neurofeedback devices measure electrical patterns in the brain, known as brainwaves and fNIRS, which measure changes in the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood flow in the brain as a measure of neural activity. This real-time data is then used to provide feedback, often through visual or audio cues, to help users learn how they can potentially regulate their brain activity.

Some of the goals of neurofeedback are to improve mental functions such as focus, relaxation, and emotional regulation. For example, athletes might use neurofeedback to boost their concentration during competitions, or someone with insomnia might use it to improve their sleep patterns.

I found that it’s commonly used to address issues like anxiety, stress levels, and sleep disorders. By training the brain to operate more efficiently, neurofeedback promises to increase cognitive performance and well-being. This technique is non-invasive and can be performed in medical settings or at home with modern neurofeedback devices, which is what I‘m focusing on in this article.

How does a neurofeedback device work?

In simple terms, a neurofeedback device works by tracking your brain activity with sensors. These sensors pick up electrical signals from the brain, called brainwaves. The device processes these brainwaves in real time and gives feedback, often through visuals or sounds.

For example, if someone uses a neurofeedback device to improve focus, they might see a visual representation of their brainwaves on a screen. When their brainwaves indicate a state of focused attention, they might see a positive response like a brighter display or hear a pleasant sound. Over time, the user learns to recognize and replicate these brainwave patterns, potentially improving their ability to concentrate.

In a nutshell, neurofeedback trains the brain to regulate its own activity, which could then possibly lead to improvements in various mental functions such as focus, relaxation, and emotional regulation. However, the effectiveness of neurofeedback devices, especially the ones for home use, is mixed.

What are the benefits of using a neurofeedback device?

A neurofeedback device could offer several benefits that might enhance overall well-being and cognitive performance. While some of these potential benefits are supported by scientific research, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for any medical conditions. Let’s overview my findings:

  • Induced relaxation. One of the popular benefits I found on neurofeedback is that training with it can help users learn to manage stress and achieve a relaxed state. A study has shown that neurofeedback-assisted meditation can lower self-reported stress and promote a sense of calm.
  • Improved sleep quality. In a recent evaluation, it was proven that one of the neurofeedback devices for personal use effectively reduced sleep problems. It showed that a neurofeedback device was used four times a week, each session lasting about 20 minutes. Of course, the results highly depend on each person and his sleeping patterns, too.
  • Improved memory and focus. By using a neurofeedback device and training the brain to function more efficiently, users could also experience improved memory retention and recall. I investigated a study that has demonstrated that neurofeedback can boost various aspects of attention and memory, including working memory and long-term memory.
  • Better emotional regulation. I also found that by providing real-time feedback on brain activity, users can learn to manage their emotional responses more effectively. For example, if someone frequently experiences anxiety, the neurofeedback device can alert them when their brainwaves indicate heightened stress. Over time, they can learn techniques to alter their brain activity, leading to improved emotion processing and emotion regulation.

While these benefits are promising, it’s important to note that the effectiveness of neurofeedback devices can vary, and they’re not a substitute for professional medical treatment. Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new therapy.

How to use a neurofeedback device at home?

I looked into what it takes to use a neurofeedback device at home, and here’s a simple, step-by-step guide:

  1. Choose a calm, distraction-free space and ensure your device is fully charged.
  2. Position the headset or sensors on your head according to the manufacturer's instructions. Keep in mind that each device’s user manual provides detailed instructions and troubleshooting advice for your specific device.
  3. Download the device's mobile app, create an account, and pair it with your device via Bluetooth.
  4. During the first use, the device might need a brief calibration to understand your baseline brain activity.
  5. Choose a neurofeedback session focused on, for example, relaxation, focus, or cognitive enhancement.
  6. Follow the on-screen or audio prompts, adjusting your focus based on real-time feedback.
  7. After the session, the app provides insights into your performance and areas for improvement.
  8. If you want optimal results, use the device regularly, following the advised number of sessions per week.

Can neurofeedback devices cause side effects?

While generally considered safe, I discovered that neurofeedback devices for at-home use can cause some side effects partly due to inappropriate neurofeedback training. It means using methods that don't fit a person's needs or not following the recommended guidelines. Possible side effects may include headaches, fatigue, irritability, dizziness, or difficulty concentrating. These symptoms are usually mild and temporary.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult your doctor before continuing use. Always discuss any concerns or unusual reactions with a healthcare professional to double-check the device is good for you and to determine the best course of action.

Things to know when using a neurofeedback device at home

When using an at-home neurofeedback device, there are several key things for you to know:

  • Follow the instructions. If you want an effective and safe use, employ the item exactly as specified by the manufacturer.
  • Neurofeedback devices do not replace expert medical care. They are intended to supplement other therapy and promote well-being.
  • Seek medical advice. Always consult with a healthcare practitioner if you have any questions or concerns about using the device, especially if you encounter any side effects.
  • Consistency is key. As I mentioned earlier, to achieve the best effects, it’s advised to use the neurofeedback machine regularly and follow the recommended session frequency.

The FDA doesn't control many biofeedback devices made for home use. Before trying biofeedback therapy at home, talk about the different machines you can use with your healthcare professional to find the best fit.

Best neurofeedback devices: conclusion

In wrapping up my exploration of neurofeedback devices, many devices come with their unique features and hopeful promises to enhance your well-being. However, I found that Mendi outshines other devices as the most easy-to-use option for home use. Its advanced features, coupled with a user-friendly brain training app, and mostly positive user feedback, make it a standout product.

As for budget-conscious users like myself, NeuroSky is an affordable pick that doesn’t sacrifice quality, making it a good choice for personalized neurofeedback training.


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