Hackers who breached casino giants MGM Resorts International and Caesars Entertainment in recent weeks also broke into the systems of three other companies in the manufacturing, retail, and technology space.
David Bradbury, chief security officer of the identity management company Okta, told Reuters five of the company's clients, including MGM and Caesars, had fallen victim to hacking groups known as ALPHV and Scattered Spider since August.
In an interview with Reuters, Bradbury didn't name the other companies but said Okta was cooperating with official investigations into the breaches.
The hacks have cast fresh spotlight on ransomware attacks – cyber intrusions that affect hundreds of companies every year, from healthcare providers to telecom firms. MGM and Caesars lost market value last week as stock prices fell, and MGM is yet to recover from various operations disrupted at the hotels and gaming venues it owns from Las Vegas to Macau.
San Francisco-based Okta, which says it has more than 17,000 customers around the world, provides identity services such as multi-factor authentication used to help users securely access online applications and websites. Multiple breaches it identified at its customers last month prompted the company to issue an alert then, Bradbury said.
"We saw this happened in such a small period of time and we thought we should be coming forward to the industry at large and explaining what's happening here," he said.
At the time, Okta said its U.S. customers were reporting a consistent pattern of attacks where hackers impersonated a victim firm's employees and convinced their information technology helpdesk into providing them duplicate access.
"We've seen consistently over the past six to 12 months, a ramp up in these types of attacks," Bradbury said.
MGM has not commented on the statement or the hack, beyond saying last week that it was dealing with a "cybersecurity issue." Caesars earlier said it was investigating the breach.
The financially-motivated hacking group ALPHV claimed the MGM hack in a post on its website Friday, and warned MGM of further attacks if it didn't strike a deal. It's unclear how much ransom ALPHV has demanded.
Bradbury said the group had breached into MGM and obtained access to its Okta client, which allowed it further access to more credentials in the identity management firm's system.
Scattered Spider appears to have worked with ALPHV on the latest hacks, Bradbury said, citing research by security analysts who have tracked both groups. "Think of them more as business associates or affiliates," he said.
Google's Mandiant Intelligence last week called Scattered Spider, also known as UNC3944, as one of the most disruptive hacking outfits in the United States. Bradbury said Mandiant's description of the group's tactics aligned with what Okta had observed in the recent hacks.
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