Estonia was hit by "the most extensive cyberattack since 2007" following its removal of Soviet monuments from public areas.
Killnet, a pro-Russian hacker group, claimed responsibility for the incident, stating that it blocked access to more than 200 state and private Estonian institutions, including an online citizen identification system.
Estonia’s Government Chief Information Officer, Luukas Ilves, said that Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS attacks) targeted both public institutions and the private sector. During such attacks, huge numbers of “bots” attack target computers.
However, he also noted that the attacks went largely unnoticed, with the majority of the websites remaining online throughout the day.
Estonia ordered to remove all public Soviet-era memorials from Narva, where the majority of the population speaks Russian. Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas said that these monuments represent a symbol of Russia’s aggression, which opened up all wounds following its invasion of Ukraine.
In 2007, similar attacks followed the removal of a Red Army monument from Tallinn square, accompanied by cultural divides and riots by ethnic Russians.
Earlier this year, Killnet announced that it was behind the attack on several Italian institutions and ministries and Lithuanian government websites, as well as behind the alleged attack during the Eurovision song contest.
The United Nations claims that the Russian invasion of Ukraine has created the “fastest-growing refugee crisis in Europe since World War II,” displacing over 11 million people due to the conflict, with over 6.4 million fleeing the country.
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